By William Lesser
Following the U.S. Patent Office's declaration in 1987 that it considers animals "to be patentable subject material in the scope" of patent legislation, there was substantial world wide debate in this topic. This paintings includes the lawsuits of the Animal Patents Symposium held at Cornell college, united states, on December 5-6, 1988, prepared by means of the editor of this paintings.
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Extra resources for Animal Patents: The Legal, Economic and Social Issues
Bent, S. , R. L. Schwaab, D. G. Conlin, and D. D. Jeffery (1987) Intellectual Property Rights in Biotechnology Worldwide. New York: Stockton Press. Board on Agriculture, National Research Council (1984) Genetic Engineering of The exclusion of animal varieties and essentially biological processes for the production of animals as introduced in national laws of European countries does not directly result from any international treaty. 15 27 Legal Issues Plants-Agricultural Research Opportunities and Policy Concerns.
1. Decision of September 25, 1987. EPO Off. , 8: 308. 1. Decision of July 26, 1983. EPO Off. , 3: 112. Enlarged EPO Board of Appeal (1985) Decision of December 5, 1984. 38 Congressional Perspectives Kevin W. O'Connor INTRODUCTION Legal, economic, ethical, and social issues relating to animal patents were the subject of hearings and legislation during the 100th US Congress. The purpose of this paper is to explain why Congress is interested in the topic of animal patents, to highlight the legislative activities of the 100th Congress related to this issue and to describe the role of the Office of Technology Assessment (OTA) in advising Congress on issues raised by animal patents.
It would therefore seem appropriate to consider whether the patent system could give all that is required in the way of protection. On this issue, however, official patent circles may be influenced at present more by public attitudes than by the potential of existing law. The wisdom of the Boards of Appeal of the EPC and of other patent offices may well be called upon once more. Patents for gene technology in the animal field will be able to control commercial application of that technology from the gene construct stage through all subsequent stages up to the final product (the intact animal).
Animal Patents: The Legal, Economic and Social Issues by William Lesser