By Jason P. Theriot
In the post--World warfare II period, Louisiana's coastal wetlands underwent an business transformation that positioned the zone on the middle of America's energy-producing hall. through the twenty-first century the Louisiana Gulf Coast provided approximately one-third of America's oil and gasoline, accounted for half the country's refining skill, and contributed billions of bucks to the U.S. economic system. at the present time, hundreds of thousands of miles of pipelines and comparable infrastructure hyperlink the state's coast to grease and gasoline shoppers national. in the course of the process this historical improvement, notwithstanding, the dredging of pipeline canals speeded up coastal erosion. at present, eighty percentage of the us' wetland loss happens on Louisiana's coast although the kingdom is domestic to simply forty percentage of the nation's wetland acreage, making glaring the large unin-tended environmental price linked to generating strength from the Gulf Coast.
In American strength, Imperiled Coast Jason P. Theriot explores the strain among oil and gasoline improvement and the land-loss problem in Louisiana. His e-book deals an enticing research of either the notable, albeit ecologically damaging, engineering feats that characterised commercial development within the area and the mounting environmental difficulties that threaten south Louisiana's groups, tradition, and "working" coast. As a historian and coastal Louisiana local, Theriot explains how pipeline know-how enabled the growth of oil and gasoline supply -- reading formerly unseen pictures and corporate files -- and strains the industry's far-reaching environmental footprint within the wetlands. via certain study awarded in a full of life and available narrative, Theriot items jointly many years of political, financial, social, and cultural undertakings that clashed within the Nineteen Eighties and Nineteen Nineties, whilst neighborhood voters, scientists, politicians, environmental teams, and oil and fuel pursuits all started battling over the factors and effects of coastal land loss. The undertaking to revive coastal Louisiana finally collided with the perceived monetary necessity of increasing offshore oil and fuel improvement on the flip of the twenty-first century. Theriot's e-book bridges the distance among those competing objectives.
From the invention of oil and fuel less than the marshes round coastal salt domes within the Nineteen Twenties and Nineteen Thirties to the emergence of environmental sciences and coverage reforms within the Nineteen Seventies to the mammoth repercussions of the BP/Deepwater Horizon oil spill in 2010, American strength, Imperiled Coast finally unearths that the normal and man-made forces liable for quick environmental swap in Louisiana's wetlands over the last century can in basic terms be harnessed via collaboration among private and non-private entities.
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Extra info for American Energy, Imperiled Coast: Oil and Gas Development in Louisiana's Wetlands
It provided high-paying jobs and improved standards of living for tens of thousands. This newfound wealth allowed families to send their children to college, a luxury experienced by few from the area prior to the 1950s. The revenue generated from oil and gas operations along the coast and offshore has, for more than half a century, become the main engine that runs the state’s economy and drives the continued modernization of this energy landscape and its urban areas. The environmental trade-offs of oil and gas development, however, have been signiﬁcant.
Building board roads in the “trembling prairies” of the southeastern coastal parishes proved especially challenging, given the dominant and often impassable ﬂotant, or ﬂoating marsh terrain. For example, Texaco built a series of plank roads across a ﬂoating marsh to develop its Paradis salt dome ﬁeld, twenty-ﬁve 19 AMERICAN ENERGY, IMPERILED COAST miles west of New Orleans. ” 5 At Shell’s Gibson ﬁeld about ﬁfteen miles west of Houma in the swamp, forty men labored for two months in stagnant water to build a board road made up of over half a million board-feet of lumber and one thousand pilings.
When they eventually found Giliasso living in seclusion in Panama, company ofﬁcials negotiated an agreement with him for an exclusive operating license for a submersible drill barge. In 1933, the barge rig Giliasso, built at a shipyard in Pennsylvania, drilled its ﬁrst well at the Lake Pelto salt dome in Terrebonne Bay. The new rig reduced operating time by 20 percent. By 1935, Texaco’s ﬂeet of seven submersible drill barges had each drilled six wells per year and saved the company $600,000 in operating costs.
American Energy, Imperiled Coast: Oil and Gas Development in Louisiana's Wetlands by Jason P. Theriot