By Cristiana Barreto (auth.), Cristóbal Gnecco, Carl Langebaek (eds.)
The papers during this ebook query the tyranny of typological considering in archaeology via case reviews from a variety of South American international locations (Venezuela, Colombia, Bolivia, Argentina, and Brazil) and Antarctica. they target to teach that typologies are unavoidable (they are, finally, how one can create networks that supply meanings to symbols) yet that their tyranny might be conquer in the event that they are used from a serious, heuristic and non-prescriptive stance: serious as the complacent perspective in the direction of their tyranny is changed by means of a militant stance opposed to it; heuristic simply because they're used as ability to arrive replacement and suggestive interpretations yet no longer as final and sure destinies; and non-prescriptive simply because rather than utilizing them as threads to keep on with they're particularly used as constitutive components of extra complicated and connective materials. The papers integrated within the publication are assorted in temporal and locational phrases. They conceal from so known as Formative societies in lowland Venezuela to Inca-related ones in Bolivia; from the coastal shell middens of Brazil to the megalithic sculptors of SW Colombia. but, the papers are comparable. they've got in universal their shared rejection of demonstrated, naturalized typologies that constrain the best way archaeologists see, forcing their interpretations into renowned and predictable conclusions. Their creative interpretative proposals flee from the safe convenience of venerable typologies, many suspicious due to their organization with colonial political narratives. as an alternative, the authors suggest novel methods of facing archaeological data.
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Additional info for Against Typological Tyranny in Archaeology: A South American Perspective
Washington: American Anthropological Association. Carneiro, R. (1995). The history of ecological interpretations of Amazonia: Does Roosevelt have it right? In L. ), Indigenous peoples and the future of Amazonia: An ecological anthropology of an endangered world (pp. 45–46). Tucson: University of Arizona Press. Clastres, P. (1979). La société contre l’État. Recherches d’ anthropologie politique. Les Éditions de Minuit, Paris. Costa, M. H. , & Malhano H. B. (1986). Habitação Indígena Brasileira. In B.
375). 5 miles) per hour over a 10-hour day, this would be a maximal domain with a diameter of 56 km (35 miles) and an area of 2,463 km2 (962 square miles) (Spencer 1990, pp. 6–7). 6 For example, polished stone artifacts such as beads and pendants made of serpentinite, malachite, amphibolite, phyllite, and jasper have been found in several high-rank archaeological contexts at the primary regional center (site B12) and in one of the regional centers (B21) in the Gaván Region, in Barinas State. The sources of these minerals should be located outside the Llanos, in areas like the Venezuelan Andes, Maracaibo Lake Basin, and farther regions like south of Colombia, north of Ecuador, and the Caribbean (Spencer and Redmond 1992, pp.
After Langebaek 1991, p. 328) 30 R. A. Gassón The social interaction process played an important role on the development of labor division within the most complex societies. The Andean societies as cores (complex chiefdoms) and the periphery in the lowlands (local communities) interacted economically in such a way that the former produced elaborated objects that required the existence of specialists, while the latter provided raw materials. Developed chiefdoms and local communities in northern South America aspired to dominate diverse ecologies in order to gain continuous access to food resources.
Against Typological Tyranny in Archaeology: A South American Perspective by Cristiana Barreto (auth.), Cristóbal Gnecco, Carl Langebaek (eds.)