Advanced Energy Systems by Nik Khartchenko, Nikolai V. Khartchenko, Vadym M. Kharchenko PDF

By Nik Khartchenko, Nikolai V. Khartchenko, Vadym M. Kharchenko

ISBN-10: 143988658X

ISBN-13: 9781439886588

This moment version to a well-liked first presents a finished, absolutely up to date remedy of complicated traditional strength new release and cogeneration crops, in addition to replacement power applied sciences. equipped into components: Conventional energy iteration Technology and Renewable and rising fresh power Systems, the ebook covers the basics, research, layout, and functional facets of complex power platforms, therefore delivering a powerful theoretical history for hugely effective power conversion.

New and improved issues include:

  • Large-scale sun thermal electrical and photovoltaic (PV) plants
  • Advanced supercritical and ultra-supercritical steam strength iteration technologies
  • Advanced coal- and gas-fired energy crops (PP) with excessive conversion potency and occasional environmental impact
  • Hybrid/integrated (i.e., fossil gasoline + REN) energy new release applied sciences, equivalent to built-in sun combined-cycle (ISCC)
  • Clean strength applied sciences, together with "clean coal," H2 and gasoline mobilephone, plus built-in strength and cogeneration crops (i.e., traditional PP + gas telephone stacks)
  • Emerging developments, together with magnetohydrodynamic (MHD)-generator and regulated thermonuclear fusion reactor applied sciences with low/zero CO2 emissions
  • Large ability offshore and on-land wind farms, in addition to different renewable (REN) energy iteration applied sciences utilizing hydro, geothermal, ocean, and bio power systems

Containing over 50 solved examples, plus challenge units, complete figures, appendices, references, and estate information, this useful advisor to trendy strength applied sciences serves power engineering scholars and execs alike in layout calculations of strength systems.

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Solution 1. 14 kJ/s 2. 7 K and Δtmax = the − tci = 60 – 15 = 45 K, LMTD is tm = ( ∆tmax − ∆tmin ) /ln( ∆tmax /∆tmin ) = ( 45 − 417 . ) /ln(45/417) . 209 m2. 6 BASIC FLUID MECHANICS The fluid mechanics is based on the following conservation laws: law of energy conservation, law of conservation of mass, and law of momentum conservation. They are expressed by the energy equation, the continuity equation, and the momentum equation. 1 Bernoulli’s Equation If an inviscid, incompressible fluid flows in steady flow in a tube or duct, then the sum of pressure, potential and kinetic energies per unit volume is constant at any cross-section of the tube or duct.

4 Electrical Energy Electrical energy is produced in processes that convert primary energy such as fossil fuel, nuclear, or renewable energy (solar, wind, hydro, geothermal, biomass, and ocean energy) into electricity directly or indirectly. The most important methods of direct energy conversion are [4–6]: • Photovoltaic conversion of solar energy into electricity in solar cells, • Electro-chemical conversion of fuel energy into electricity in fuel cells, • Thermoelectric conversion is direct conversion of heat into electricity.

4 Arbitrary cycle ABCD conversion of heat into work and equivalent Carnot cycle. 18 Advanced Energy Systems Hence, the thermal efficiency of an arbitrary cycle ABCD, ηth, is equal to that of the Carnot cycle operating in the temperature range from Tout to Tin. As Tin is less than maximum temperature Tmax in the cycle ABCD and Tout is greater than the cycle minimum temperature, the thermal efficiency of the cycle ABCD is less than that of the Carnot cycle in temperature range of Tmin to Tmax. It is clear that the thermal efficiency increases if the temperature difference Tin – Tout increases.

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Advanced Energy Systems by Nik Khartchenko, Nikolai V. Khartchenko, Vadym M. Kharchenko


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