By Kenneth E. Wilkening
Acid Rain technological know-how and Politics in Japan is a pioneering paintings in environmental and Asian background in addition to an in-depth research of the impression of technological know-how on household and overseas environmental politics. Kenneth Wilkening's research additionally illuminates the worldwide fight to create sustainable societies.The Meiji recovery of 1868 ended Japan's period of isolation- created self-sufficiency and sustainability. the outlet of the rustic to Western principles and expertise not just introduced pollutants difficulties linked to industrialization (including acid rain) but in addition medical ideas for realizing and fighting them. Wilkening identifies 3 pollution-related "sustainability crises" in sleek jap historical past: copper mining within the overdue 19th and early 20th centuries, which spurred Japan's first acid rain learn and coverage tasks; horrendous post-World warfare II household commercial pollutants, which led to a "hidden" acid rain challenge; and the present-day worldwide challenge of transboundary toxins, in which Japan is a sufferer of imported acid rain. He strains the country's medical and coverage responses to those crises via six exact sessions concerning acid rain difficulties and argues that Japan's management function in East Asian acid rain technology and coverage this present day could be defined largely by means of the "historical medical momentum" generated through efforts to confront the problem due to the fact that 1868, strengthened by way of Japan's cultural affinity with rain (its "culture of rain"). Wilkening offers an summary of nature, tradition, and the acid rain challenge in Japan to supplement the final set of thoughts he develops to investigate the interface of technological know-how and politics in environmental policymaking. He concludes with a dialogue of classes from Japan's event that may be utilized to the production of sustainable societies all over the world.
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Extra info for Acid Rain Science and Politics in Japan: A History of Knowledge and Action toward Sustainability (Politics, Science, and the Environment)
They have measured pH values in Japan since the early part of the twentieth century. In addition, even though pH is a highly sophisticated technical concept, it can be rendered understandable to an educated lay audience. The Japanese public, for instance, has an extremely good grasp of the pH concept due to the availability of inexpensive pH meters and widespread promotion of environmental education programs and events during which it is measured. Thus, pH is also a science-to-policy bridging object; in this case inﬂuencing one important actor in Japan’s acid deposition debate, the general public.
To create a scientiﬁc problem-framework and bridging objects that lay translate the problem-framework. Activism: Degree of involvement in the policy process (inactive, active, activist), and ability to create, promote, and interpret science-to-policy bridging objects. Bridging Object: A tangible or intangible object that transects two or more social worlds (the focus in this book is on the scientiﬁc and political worlds) and serves as a mechanism of communication between the worlds and a device for similarly structuring the perceptions of members of these worlds.
The goal of (primitive and modern) environmental science is still to understand a vastly complex natural world, and the goal of (primitive and modern) environmental politics is still to manage a vastly complex social world in relation to the natural world. Today, environmental science and politics are confronted with a monumental challenge—harmonizing the complexity of the natural and social worlds so as to develop sustainable societies. The concept of sustainability gained prominence in the 1980s, and speaks to the long-term survival of the human race.
Acid Rain Science and Politics in Japan: A History of Knowledge and Action toward Sustainability (Politics, Science, and the Environment) by Kenneth E. Wilkening