2 Maccabees (Commentaries on Early Jewish Literature) by Daniel R. Schwartz PDF

By Daniel R. Schwartz

ISBN-10: 3110191180

ISBN-13: 9783110191189

2 Maccabees is a Jewish paintings composed throughout the 2d century BCE and preserved via the Church. Written in Hellenistic Greek and informed from a Jewish-Hellenistic viewpoint, 2 Maccabees narrates and translates the ups and downs of occasions that came about in Jerusalem ahead of and through the Maccabean insurrection: institutionalized Hellenization and the basis of Jerusalem as a polis; the persecution of Jews via Antiochus Epiphanes, observed through recognized martyrdoms; and the uprising opposed to Seleucid rule by way of Judas Maccabaeus. 2 Maccabees is a vital resource either for the occasions it describes and for the values and pursuits of the Judaism of the Hellenistic diaspora that it displays - that are frequently relatively diversified from these represented by means of its competitor, 1 Maccabees.

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But God did not choose the people on account of the Place; rather, He chose the Place on account of the people. ” – 6:12–16: “Now I call upon the readers of this book not be depressed due to the sufferings, but rather to consider that the punishments were not to destroy our nation, but, rather, to edify it. For not to allow evildoers a free hand for a long time, but, rather, immediately to bring down punishments upon them, is a sign of great benefaction. For whereas concerning other peoples the Sovereign long-forbearingly awaits until they reach the plenitude of sins, whereupon He punishes them, He did not deem it appropriate to handle us that way, so as not to take vengeance upon us later, after our sins are complete.

Josephus, Ag. Ap. 193–198), so too could earlier authors ignore it. Indeed, we shall suggest that the author of our book itself was not very interested in it; see below, pp. 46–48. II. Sources and Development 21 To understand this we shall have to realize that, for our book’s author, it is very important to emphasize that troubles come upon Israel due to sins. This may be seen most clearly in three sections of authorial reflections that precede the martyrologies that begin in 6:18: – 4:16–17: “For this reason they were overtaken by a difficult state of affairs, and those for whose ways they were enthusiastic, and whom they wanted fully to imitate, became their own enemies and nemeses.

Judas’ men kill Timothy in Chapter 10 (v. 37) but in Chapter 12, beginning with v. 10, they are still chasing after him. Of course, this could be a different Timothy, but authors, especially authors that pride themselves on the attention they devote to reader ease (2:24–31), are supposed to indicate such things. g. 3:4, 4:40, 12:35, 14:3); note esp. our NOTE on 12:35, Dositheus. 5. ” It is natural to assume that the opening words allude to the four documents that conclude Chapter 11. However, those documents are not “covenants;” the first three are unilateral concessions and the last is just a letter.

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2 Maccabees (Commentaries on Early Jewish Literature) by Daniel R. Schwartz

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